Koledar dogodkov

Apr
26
Fri
Prvomajska šola DPU – Koncert ŽPZ Kombinat @ na Muzejski ploščadi (pri knjižnici Kinoteke) na Metelkovi ulici, Ljubljana
Apr 26 @ 21:00 – 22:00
Prvomajska šola DPU - Koncert ŽPZ Kombinat @ na Muzejski ploščadi (pri knjižnici Kinoteke) na Metelkovi ulici, Ljubljana

Delavsko-punkerska univerza vabi na koncert ŽPZ Kombinat v okviru Prvomajske šole, ki bo v petek, 26. aprila 2013, ob 21.00 na Muzejski ploščadi (pri knjižnici Kinoteke) na Metelkovi ulici.

Ženski pevski zbor Kombinat bo 27. aprila 2013 praznoval peti rojstni dan. Gre za vsaj za današnje razmere neobičajen pevski zbor, sestavljen iz pevk iz različnih generacij, poklicev in koncev Slovenije, ki jih med drugim druži tudi – ohranjanje izročila revolucionarnih pesmi, ki je danes, v času prevlade kulturnega mračnjaštva in komerciale, že skoraj pozabljeno. Poleg uporniških ljudskih in partizanskih pesmi z vsega sveta na njihovem repertoarju najdemo tudi avtorske pesmi; med njimi je Pesem upora (avtorica je članica Ksenija Jus), ki je postala neuradna himna zimskih vstaj.

27. april je nekoč pomenil veliko več kot danes, ko je le dan spomina na antifašistično vstajo slovenskega ljudstva. Pomenil je začetek gradnje socializma kot alternative in upora proti svetovnemu kapitalističnemu sistemu. Pesmi upora so bile ključni element tega revolucionarnega procesa in peli so jih milijoni od gverilcev v Južni Ameriki in stavkajočih delavcev na kapitalističnem Zahodu do mladinskih delovnih brigad v Jugoslaviji. Še nedavno so se tako socializem kakor pesmi upora zdeli daleč in tuji, a nas je kapitalizem spet pahnil v uničujočo krizo, v kateri upor postaja nujnost, revolucionarne pesmi pa melodija prihajajočega socializma!

Več o letošnji Prvomajski šoli DPU lahko preberete tukaj.

(Foto: Sunčan Stone)

Apr
27
Sat
Panel discussion – Primitive Accumulation as a Concept @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana
Apr 27 @ 13:00 – 14:30
Panel discussion - Primitive Accumulation as a Concept @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana

Since at least the time Rosa Luxemburg wrote The Accumulation of Capital, there have been various applications and theoretical developments of Marx’s historical account of the so-called primitive accumulation. Luxemburg argued that Marxists should expand Marx’s fixed historical description and rework it into a theoretical concept that could be used to describe not only what had happened (and ended) at the birth of capitalism, but also what has been going on to this very day. She criticised the reproduction schemes developed in Capital, Vol. 2, and stressed the necessity of capital’s expansionary and engulfing nature. Despite the flaws in her critique of reproduction schemes, capital’s inherent tendency to extract surplus value by non-economic means is undoubtable.

Other Marxist theorists, for instance David Harvey and Giovanni Arrighi, have proposed similar concepts of the ongoing process of primitive accumulation. Harvey’s argument incorporates an explanation of the ‘subtle colonisation practices’ which he terms ‘spatial fix’, and an all-encompassing idea of non-capitalist environments from which surplus value is extracted in non-economic ways, the so-called ‘accumulation by dispossession’. Referring to the ‘spatial fix’, Harvey emphasises that capital not only devours un- or underdeveloped nations and geographic locations, but also periodically destroys the already developed regions on behalf of the production od value. His idea of accumulation by dispossession has provoked critiques and controversies, mainly because of its inclusivity. In this panel  discussion, we will address these responds. In general, we will discuss the contemporary relevance of such developments of Marx’s historical description of primitive accumulation.

May
1
Wed
Round table – Toward a European Left Strategy of Building a Socialist Alternative @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana
May 1 @ 18:00 – 20:00
Round table - Toward a European Left Strategy of Building a Socialist Alternative @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana

The European Union is often celebrated in the liberal commonsense discourse as a pacifistic project that finally brought peace, prosperity and brotherhood to modern Europe after centuries of wars between European nations or states. Furthermore, the EU is celebrated as a democratic project: immediately after the Second World War, at the very onset of European integration, the main ideological momentum of ‘democracy’ was antifascism; however, after the defeat of real socialism, the main ideological focus of the EU turned against ‘totalitarianism’ in an attempt to equate socialism with fascism.

The notion of the EU as an anti-totalitarian organisation reveals the purpose of contemporary European integration. In its opposition to both fascism and socialism, it betrays its liberal, more precisely, neoliberal bias spearheaded mainly against any kind of socialist or even Keynesian reforms. Mechanisms of preventing socialist ‘totalitarianism’ are constituent parts of the EU treaties (such as the Maastricht Treaty, the Lisbon Treaty), projects (the single currency project and the common market), pacts (such as the Growth and Stability Pact, the Six Pack) and the institutional framework notorious for its democratic deficit.

The crisis exposed the antisocialist and therefore antisocial bias of this kind of ‘union’. The common market policies are disabling the member states to compete in the common market in any other way than by suppressing the working classes. The single currency outsourced the monetary policies of the member states to the European Central Bank, which is not willing to play the role of lender in last resort whose main goal is to lower inflation, and thus pushes the member states into the cold hands of private financial markets. Its treaties and pacts are imposing a ‘straightjacket’ on member states. They are imposing fiscal rules on the one hand, while on the other they don’t provide fiscal transfers to guarantee convergence between the member states. And last but not least, the technocratic and authoritarian character of supranational institutions, which don’t even correspond to bourgeois democratic standards, are disabling the people and progressive forces to even slightly change these mechanisms. The dictatorship of the capitalist élites is perfected in this institutional framework.

The results of this kind of integration are of course no less than devastating. In the Union that pushed its member states into ruthless competition the wages of its working classes are being suppressed, its welfare state decomposed and once sacred social rights denied. Furthermore, the Union’s periphery, which was unable to catch up with far more advanced industrial production of the core, experienced drastic erosion of the productive base and finally fell into a debt trap. The expected miracle of the free market policies turned into a nightmare. States are diverging rather than converging, the tensions between the core and periphery are escalating, and the working classes are thrown into brutal exploitation and misery. The only profiteer in this story is – naturally – the European bourgeoisie.

Therefore, the EU is no less than a project of European capitalist élites aimed at imposing neoliberalism masked as ‘European integration’. To us, the anticapitalist left, this poses the following riddle: if the bias of the really existing European integration is neoliberal, how can we respond? Is it possible to change the institutional framework to function in favour of the working classes? Is a ‘good euro’ possible and if so, under which circumstances? And if it is impossible, how risky would it be to exit the euro zone and the EU? And finally: is a socialist Europe possible?

Feb
10
Mon
Študijski seminar – Sovjetska zveza in njeni kritiki @ ZSSS, Ljubljana
Feb 10 @ 17:00 – 19:00
Študijski seminar - Sovjetska zveza in njeni kritiki @ ZSSS, Ljubljana

Nosilca in izvajalca: Sašo Furlan in Tibor Rutar
Prijave in informacije: tibor.rutar@gmail.com
Termin: vsak ponedeljek 17.00 -19.00 (od 18. novembra naprej)
Lokacija: Knjižnica Mirovnega inštituta (Metelkova 6)

Na prvem, uvodnem srečanju bo predaval dr. Lev Centrih.

Na bralnem seminarju se bomo posvetili teoretski refleksiji enega najbolj razvpitih poskusov izgradnje kapitalizmu alternativnega družbeno-ekonomskega sistema v 20. stoletju – realno obstoječega socializma v Sovjetski zvezi. Te tematike se ne lotevamo le iz gole zgodovinske radovednosti, saj menimo, da nam ustrezna refleksija tega projekta lahko marsikaj pove tudi o sami naravi sodobnega kapitalizma ter o možnostih in pogojih njegove odprave. Dejstvo, da je nemara najbolj megalomanski poskus izgradnje socializma v zgodovini človeštva klavrno spodletel in za seboj pustil nič več kot restavracijo kapitalizma, kaže na neizmerno trdoživost, vztrajnost in dinamičnost družbeno-ekonomskega sistema, v katerem živimo. Hkrati pa priča o tem, da je izgradnja socialistične družbe, ki bi trajno nadomestila kapitalizem, vse prej kakor lahka naloga. Ustrezna analiza vzrokov za neuspeh preteklih poskusov izgradnje socializma je zato nujen predpogoj uspešnosti vsakršne socialistične prakse, ki danes ponovno poskuša odpraviti kapitalizem.

Seminar ne bo osredotočen na empirične študije zgodovinskega razvoja Sovjetske zveze, temveč na teoretske tekste marksističnih avtorjev, ki tako ali drugače poskušajo artikulirati bistvene strukturne poteze ter tendence in zakone, ki so določali in regulirali družbeno-ekonomski sistem v Sovjetski zvezi. Podrobneje bomo obravnavali tri marksistične teorije o družbeno-ekonomskem sistemu v Sovjetski zvezi: teorijo »degenerirane delavske države«, ki jo je postavil Lev Trocki in kasneje preciziral Ernest Mandel; teorijo »državnega kapitalizma«, ki sta jo razvila Raja Dunajevska in C. L. R. James; in teorijo »spodbijane reprodukcije« (contested reproduction), ki jo je na podlagi spisov Jevgenija Preobraženskega razvil Michael Lebowitz. Pri kritičnem soočenju omenjenih teorij ne bomo mogli obiti temeljnih tekstov samega Marxa, saj se vse te teorije posredno ali neposredno naslanjajo na njegovo teorijo vrednosti. Ravno pravilno razumevanje Marxove teorije vrednosti je namreč odločilni kriterij za presojanje o ustreznosti marksističnih teorij strukturnih potez družbeno-ekonomskega sistema v Sovjetski zvezi.

Edini pogoj za udeležbo je prebrana literatura. Ob prvem obisku prosimo, da mentorjema sporočite svoj e-naslov, ki bo dodan na seznam prejemnikov literature, ki jo boste obiskovalci seminarja prejemali sproti v e-formatu.

Literatura:

  • Chattopadhyay, Paresh. The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience. Westport (CN): Praeger, 1994.
  • Cliff, Tony. State Capitalism in Russia. London: Bookmarks, 1988 [1955].
  • CLR, James, Raya Dunayevskaya in Grace Lee. State Capitalism and World Revolution. Oakland: PM Press, 2013 [1950].
  • Dunayevskaya, Raya. The Nature of Russian Economy. 1946-47. Dostopno prek: http://www.marxists.org/archive/dunayevskaya/works/1946/statecap.htm.
  • Lebowitz, Michael. The Contradictions of »Real Socialism«. New York: Monthly Review Press, 2012.
  • Mandel, Ernest. The Inconsistencies of State Capitalism. 1969. Dostopno prek: http://www.marxists.org/archive/mandel/1969/08/statecapitalism.htm.
  • Marx, Karl. »Kritika gothskega programa«. Prev. Maks Veselko. Karl Marx in Friedrich Engels, Izbrana dela. 4. zv. Ur. Boris Ziherl. Ljubljana: Cankarjeva založba, 1968 [1875]. 479–509.
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  • Marx, Karl. Kritika politične ekonomije 1857/58 [Grundrisse]. Ur. Rado Riha; prev. Božidar Debenjak, Valentin Kalan, Tomaž Mastnak, Jelica ŠumičRiha, Rado Riha, Primož Simoniti, Peter Wieser. Ljubljana: Delavska enotnost, 1985.
  • Marx, Karl. H kritiki politične ekonomije : 1858-1861. Ur. Tomaž Mastnak; prev. Igor Kramberger, Tomaž Mastnak in Rado Riha. Ljubljana: Marksistični center CK ZKS, 1989.
  • Marx, Karl. Kapital : kritika politične ekonomije. 1, Produkcijski proces kapitala. Ur. Jernej Habjan, Marko Kržan in Ciril Oberstar; prev. Mojca Dobnikar. Ljubljana, Sophia, 2012 [1867].
  • Mattick, Paul. Marx and Keynes: The Limits of the Mixed Economy. Boston: Extending Horizons Books/Porter Sargent Publisher, 1969.
  • Rubin, Isaak I. Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value. New Delhi: HarperCollins India, 1999 [1928].
  • Stalin, Joseph. Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR. 1951. Dostopno prek: http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1951/economic-problems/.
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  • Trotsky, Leon. The Revolution Betrayed. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 2004 [1936].
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