Koledar dogodkov

Apr
4
Thu
Mislav Žitko – Rekonstitucija centralnega bančništva in socializacija bank @ Klub Gromka, Metelkova, Ljubljana
Apr 4 @ 18:00 – 20:00
Mislav Žitko - Rekonstitucija centralnega bančništva in socializacija bank @ Klub Gromka, Metelkova, Ljubljana

Delavsko-punkerska univerza vabi na predavanje iz tematskega ciklusa Dvojna kriza evrointegracij, ki bo v četrtek, 4. aprila 2013 ob 18:00 uri v Klubu gromka na Metelkovi.

Tekom sedanje krize so posamezne države EU večkrat nacionalizirale banke, da bi jih rešile pred propadom. A kamlu se je pokazalo, da, vsaj s stališča tistih, ki jih je kriza najbolj prizadela (odpuščeni delavci, javni uslužbenci, uporabniki socialnih storitev), zgolj nacionalizacija bank ni rešitev, saj so banke takoj po prejemu reševalnih paketov nadaljevale z dotedanjimi praksami, četudi so postale (začasno ali trajno) državne. Še več, podržavljanje bank je še dodatno obremenilo zaradi krize že tako šibke državne proračune in sprožilo nov val varčevalnih ukrepov, ki so še poslabšali materialni standard prebivalstva.

Da bi banke dejansko postale institucije, ki delujejo v javnem interesu, je potrebno več kot njihovo podržavljenje – potrebna je njihova socializacija. Predavanje bo namenjeno teoretičnemu in praktičnemu razmisleku o poteku socializacije bank in vlogi nacionalnih centralnih bank v tem procesu.

Mislav Žitko je asistent na Filozofski fakulteti v Zagrebu in aktivist. Raziskovalno se ukvarja s teorijami denarja, zgodovino bančništva, marksistično teorijo vrednosti in epistemologijo.
Apr
28
Sun
Panel discussion – The Commons: From Primitive Accumulation to Communism @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana
Apr 28 @ 11:00 – 12:30
Panel discussion - The Commons: From Primitive Accumulation to Communism @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana

It is impossible to talk about primitive accumulation without talking about commons. On the other hand, the reverse is not just possible but seems to be the norm, at least since commons began to gain general public currency after Ostrom’s Nobel prize and Hardt and Negri’s popularisations. Relieved from their role in specialist historiographical discussion about the transition to communism, commons nowadays seem to be on everyone’s lips. But the upsurge of the popularity of the commons, both as a theoretical concept and as a political idea, comes at a price. At least locally, commons seem to gain popularity in inverse proportion to the concept of primitive accumulation.

Thus liberated from their anti-capitalist (or, at the very least, pre-capitalist) charge, commons began to function as a projection screen for the same old weary left-liberal political fantasies and to take up space abandoned by the notion of civil society. Neither state nor market – so it must be civil society, or, in a somewhat modernised left liberal speak, the community. Safe and responsible enough to be included in ‘sustainable development’ agendas, but still appearing fresh and radical, commons seem like a godsend to exhausted left liberal political imaginary.

But there is another trajectory of thinking about the commons, one that doesn’t see them as community ghettos but as a way to transform (and, in a long term, transcend) the existing society. This involves taking the struggles to the workplace, social services, political and financial institutions, and breaking with the reductionist view of the commons as involving only natural resources and selected goods (like health or knowledge). Why shouldn’t money, state budget, public utilities and means of productions be common?

Potential topics of discussion include:

a critique of reductionist/liberal theory of the commons;

the commons in historical perspective;

material and immaterial commons;

public (goods, services, utilities) and/versus common;

commons and communism (socialised production, withering away of the state, abolishment of wage labour).

Apr
30
Tue
Panel discussion – Primitive Accumulation as a Factor in Fiscal Sustainability Policies @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana
Apr 30 @ 11:00 – 12:30
Panel discussion - Primitive Accumulation as a Factor in Fiscal Sustainability Policies @ Stara mesta elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18, Ljubljana

The management and manipulation of crises is, according to David Harvey, one of the most important features of the so-called accumulation by dispossession, that is, the continuation and proliferation of accumulation practises that were grasped by Marx as ‘primitive’ or ‘original’. Debt crises, especially in the peripheral countries of the capitalist world-system, have been quite common since the 1980s (having even become endemic in the Latin American countries) and have as a rule been managed and controlled according to the recipes of the representatives of creditors, international financial institutions such as the IMF, and the governments of the core capitalist countries. The ‘fine art’ of dealing with the crises of the countries that have fallen into the debt trap has thus become an efficient instrument of the agents of capital in ‘rationalising’ subordinate peripheral economies as well as redistributing assets from the poor countries to the rich ones. The processes of what neoliberal economists call ‘confiscatory deflation’, which usually follow a crisis, are, for Harvey, nothing but practices of accumulation by dispossession.

The countries of the southern and eastern peripheries of the EU and the eurozone, such as Hungary, Romania, Greece and Portugal, have been the first to experience a severe debt crisis in the EU. They have been the first victims of harsh austerity measures and ‘structural adjustment’ policies imposed by the troika (IMF, ECB and the EC). This panel discussion will address the following question: Should the current ‘fiscal sustainability policies’ for managing and controlling the debt crisis in the peripheries of the EU and the eurozone – that is, policies that include draining public funds by means of high interest rates on sovereign bonds, programmes of privatisation of assets that have so far been public, etc. – be seen as practices of primitive accumulation, that is, of accumulation by dispossession?

Mar
13
Thu
Michael Roberts Socializacija bančništva: nujen ukrep za demokracijo @ Sindikalna dvorana Elektra Ljubljana (vhod Stara mestna elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18)
Mar 13 @ 20:30 – 22:00
Michael Roberts Socializacija bančništva: nujen ukrep za demokracijo @ Sindikalna dvorana Elektra Ljubljana (vhod Stara mestna elektrarna - Elektro Ljubljana, Slomškova 18)

Globalni finančni kolaps in Velika recesija, ki mu je sledila, sta najmočnejša argumenta za demokratizacijo nadzora nad bančnimi sistemi, ki bi tako lahko služili interesom ljudi, ne pa profitom manjšine. Globalni bančni kolaps je trajno in v razsežnostih brez precedensa prizadel ekonomsko rast in standard življenja. Davkoplačevalci in ljudje nasploh za to še vedno plačujejo, medtem ko so se banke vrnile v običajno poslovanje, tj. v finančne in nepremičninske špekulacije. Bančništvo bi moralo biti javna storitev za gospodinjstva in mala podjetja, podobno kot izobraževanje in transport. To pa ni možno brez oživljanja spodletelih mehanizmov regulacije, višje stopnje obdavčenja in drobljenja bank. Prava socializacija potrebuje javno lastništvo, demokratični nadzor in odgovornost bank. Te morajo biti del integriranega nacionalnega plana, namenjenega zadovoljevanju družbene potrebe. To predavanje bo razložilo, kako je to mogoče.

Michael Roberts je ekonomist, ki je več kot trideset let delal v londonskem Cityu. Je soavtor pamfleta, ki zagovarja javno lastništvo in javni nadzor nad bančništvom in ki ga izdal Sindikat gasilskih brigad Združenega Kraljestva. Vsebino tega pamfleta je Kongres sindikatov Združenega Kraljestva sprejel kot svojo politiko. Redno objavlja tudi na svojem blogu: thenextrecession.wordpress.com